Written in EnglishRead online
Includes bibliographical references (p. -41).
|Statement||Kalyan Chakrabarty, Ashok Kumar, Vivek Menon.|
|Contributions||Ashok Kumar., Menon, Vivek., TRAFFIC India (Organization)|
|LC Classifications||HD9768.I4 C43 1994|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||51 p. :|
|Number of Pages||51|
|LC Control Number||95904336|
Download Trade in agarwood
Title: Trade in agarwood (PDF, MB) Author: Kalyan Chakrabarty Subject: TRAFFIC India Publication Created Date: 3/19/ PM. The book will comprise a chapter on the use of non-destructive technology as a management tool for cultivating agarwood.
The book also discusses issues relating to agarwood grades. interested in developing new methods for rapid detection of Aquilaria as a means to circumvent illegal Agarwood trade.
Her work on Agarwood has been recognized. There is historical evidence of international trade in agarwood between the producing (tropical southeastern Asia) and consuming (Middle East, India, China, and Japan) regions of the world.
Agarwood has been consumed primarily as incense with the Trade in agarwood book of wood chips directly or as an important ingredient for powdered incense by: 4. There is historical evidence of international trade in Trade in agarwood book between the producing (tropical southeastern Asia) and consuming (Middle East, India, China, and Japan) regions of the world.
The trade and use of agarwood (Oudh) in the United Arab Emirates iv. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Known in Arabic as oudh, agarwood is an important part of life in the UAE for Emiratis as well as Arabic culture in general. It is used as a traditional aromatic and perfume in many forms: from high grade woodFile Size: KB.
The international trade in agarwood involves wood, wood chips, powder, oil, and, although not identified in available trade data, almost certainly finished products such as perfumes, incense and medicines.
The book will comprise a chapter on the use of non-destructive technology as a management tool for cultivating agarwood. The book also discusses issues relating to agarwood grades. The absence of an international standard that is acceptable by producer and consumer countries further complicates the.
Wood for the Trees: A Review of the Agarwood Trade in Malaysia. Efforts to protect agarwood, one of which is by determining trade quotas, need to be carried out optimally in order to minimize the decline in agarwood populations in their natural forests. View. The scent that’s pricier than gold.
Hong Kong was once known as the fragrant harbour – the result of an ancient trade in agarwood. Share on Facebook. Share on Twitter. Share on Reddit. II: Agarwood (Oud) CITES Legal Trade Data Summary tables for the weight of Agarwood (kg) exports, according export data in the CITES Wildlife trade database, to Chips, bark, oil, and powder by weight were used in the analysis.
Conversions were used for oil. See table below for details. Table. Agarwood is found only in a few Asian tree species which produce resin-impregnated heartwood as a response to wounding or infection. It has been used for centuries as highly-prized perfume, incense and traditional medicine across Asia and the Middle East.
Today, hundreds of tonnes of agarwood are traded each year, involving at least 18 countries. Formation of agarwood occurs in the trunk and roots of trees that have been infected Trade in agarwood book a parasitic tylosis.
While the unaffected wood of the tree is relatively light in colour, the resin dramatically increases the mass and density of the affected wood, changing its colour from a pale beige to dark brown or black.
current interest in agarwood by reviewing its use and trade and examining the reasons for its high esteem and economic value. Methods The review encompasses a range of literature sources including primary sources, research articles, books, and reviews.
Classical texts related to reli-gion, trade, aromatics, and pharmacopeias were. Dioscorides in his book Materia Medica (65 CE) described several medical qualities of agarwood (Áγαλλοχου) and mentioned its use as an incense.
Even though Dioscorides describes agarwood as having an astringent and bitter taste, it was used to freshen the breath when chewed or as a decoction held in the mouth. Her agarwood supplies were harvested a number of decades ago.
“As agarwood became popular, a lot of people in China’s mainland would come over and log the trees and sell them. ” Agarwood is measured using the traditional Chinese unit of weight, the catty, which equals grams. A pack of incense sticks can range anywhere from US$ to.
What is the Amazon Trade-In program. The Amazon Trade-In program allows customers to receive an Gift Card in exchange for thousands of eligible items including Amazon Devices, video games, and more. The process is easy and convenient with an immediate offer and free shipping.
How long will it take to receive payment once I trade in my item?Missing: agarwood. Agarwood from Aquilariaspecies, including A. malaccensis,is traded under several names including agar, aloeswood, eaglewood, gaharuand kalamabak.
The variety of trade names increases the difficulty of trade monitoring. Agarwood is mainly traded as wood. Textbook buyback: Before you go to the college bookstore and get only a fraction of what you paid, check 's buyback price comparison to sell your textbooks for the most money.
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The increasing demand for agarwood lured Chinese traders to Vietnam, which was a large producer of agarwood then (Hansen, ). In her book, “Nguyen Cochinchina: Southern Vietnam in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries.”.
The trade volume of unprocessed agarwood has been estimated at 6, metric tons for – in Taiwan (, quoting TRAFFIC, a wildlife non-government organization recognized by the International Union for Conservation of Nature, and Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora sources).
Much of this wood, which varies in price. AbeBooks Books, art & collectables: ACX Audiobook Publishing Made Easy: Amazon Web Services Scalable Cloud Computing Services: Audible Download Audiobooks: Book Depository Books With Free Delivery Worldwide: DPReview Digital Photography: Goodreads Book reviews & recommendations: Home Services Handpicked Professionals Happiness Guarantee: IMDb.
Agarwood Importers - Instantly Connect with Verified Agarwood Buyers & Agarwood Importers from Malaysia, India, USA at TradeKey Importers Directory. Conservation of Agarwood.
Towards the end of the last century, agarwood was listed as a potentially threatened speciesof plant by the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES). Incense and aloes, also known as agarwood, has received the same respect since the beginning of civilization.
It's permanent. The Use and Trade of Agarwood in Japan written by oudselection Ap Agarwood in Japan have played an important historical role, and yet at the same time retain an arcane sense of mystery for many Japanese people, let alone foreigners with an interest in one of Japan’s high arts of long-standing tradition.
Trade monopoly in agarwood. Agarwood is a protected species under the Indian Forest Act,and is scheduled tree species under the Wildlife Protection Act, Latest IUCN estimates say “deforestation has led to an 80 percent population decline for the species over the past years.”.
SWISSARABIAN Indian Oud Wood (Agarwood), Natural Aloeswood Oudh Chips for use with Charcoal or Electric Incense Burner ¼ Tola from The House of Swiss Arabian (3g) out of 5 stars $$ $$ Get it as soon as Fri, Apr 3. FREE. Oceans Environment and Science (OES), for the matching funds to support the work on agarwood trade in Malaysia and South-east Asia.
This report was commissioned by the CITES Secretariat (under CITES Project S). Wood for the trees: A review of the agarwood (gaharu) trade in Malaysia vi.
The value of agarwood exported from Singapore alone has been estimated to exceed $ billion per annum (United Nations FAO). Supply: By the early s, the aquilaria tree had been harvested to near extinction in Southeast Asia and was classified as an endangered species leading it to be placed on the Convention for International Trade in.
Dongguan City (Guangdong Province, China) abounded in agarwood years ago; its agarwood trade was so very well-developed that raw agarwood products were transported to the Southeast Asia and even as far as Arabia.
In fact, Hong Kong is literally named the “Fragrant Harbour” as it Cited by: is a fragrant dark resinous wood used in incense, perfume, and small carvings. It is formed in the heartwood of aquilaria trees when they become infected with a type of mould (Phialophora parasitica).
The demand for agarwood has led to persistent illegal trade threatening the future of the precious wood in Indonesia. Indonesia is one of the countries with the vast plantation of agarwood. Agarwood trade is also allowed in Indonesia mainly for the licensed traders making its.
agarwood is the increasing international demand on the one hand and decreasing agarwood supply on the other. Other than agarwood chips, agarwood oil is also exported in recent years. The price of agarwood oil also vary from RM to RM1, per tola (12 File Size: KB.
Being a forester and an ecologist herself, Rozi is especially interested in developing new methods for rapid detection of Aquilaria as a means to circumvent illegal Agarwood trade. Her work on Agarwood has been recognized globally, as evident from the invitations she received to review manuscripts on Agarwood by various international : Global Trade in Agarwood—Current Status.
Trade in agarwood and its products dates back to ancient times and some texts suggest that the famous Silk Route was used by traders to carry agarwood from China to the Middle East often via India.
Traditionally the production is from South and Southeast Asia (India, Bangladesh, China, Malaysia, Thailand, Indonesia, and Vietnam), and the Author: Pearlin Shabna Naziz, Runima Das, Supriyo Sen. Agarwood essential oil has been investigated for its anticancer properties. Agarwood oil can influence the hormones that stimulate menstruation and regulate irregular periods.
Despite reflecting multiple health benefits, the agarwood oil market is also witnessing a few restraints such as its rarity and huge cost owing to the depleting resources/5(38).
Background: Agarwood is a priceless non-timber forest product from Aquilaria species belonging to the Thymelaeaceae family. As a result of a defence mechanism to fend off pathogens, Aquilaria species develop agarwood or resin which can be used for incense, perfumery, and traditional medicines.
Evidences from ethnopharmacological practices showed that Aquilaria spp. have been traditionally. Agarwood (or just Agar) is a dark resinous heartwood that forms in Aquilaria trees (large evergreens native to southeast Asia) when they become infected with a type of mold.
Prior to infection, the heartwood is relatively light and pale coloured, however as the infection progresses, the tree produces a dark aromatic resin in response to the attack, which results in a very dense, dark, resin. Agarwood, aloeswood or gharuwood is a fragrant dark resinous wood used in incense, perfume, and small carvings.
It is formed in the heartwood of aquilaria trees when they become infected with a type of mould (Phialophora parasitica).Prior to infection, the heartwood is odourless, relatively light and pale coloured; however, as the infection progresses, the tree produces a dark aromatic resin.
Japanese traditions of agarwood use, as well as within the context of the current global trade demand for agarwood, following CITES Decision Agarwood use and trade have played an important historical role in Japanese culture, and yet at the same.
Unprocessed agarwood pieces range from $ to $22, per kilogram, with the highest quality fetching between $9, and $, per kilogram.
The key port for this trade is Hong Kong, which in English means “Fragrant Harbor,” indicating the historical importance of this .Agarwood in its various forms; oil, wood, powder, plant etc. has been used for many health benefits and treatment of various illness.
For thousands of years, agarwood has been used for medicinal purposes and continues to be used in Ayurvedic, Tibetan and traditional East Asian medicine.Another reason for agarwood being expensive is the threat of becoming endangered. The most important resin-producing species of Aquilaria are A.
agollocha, A. malaccensis and A. crassna.A. malaccensis is protected worldwide under the CITES (The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora) convention as well as by the World Conservation .